Sex, dominant chewing side, parafunctional habits, and TMJD classification distributions of the participants

Variable n %
Sex
Female 29 55.8
Male 23 44.2
Dominant chewing side
Right 44 84.6
Left 8 15.4
Parafunctional habits
None 3 5.8
Bruxism 11 21.1
Lip biting 4 7.7
Nail biting 2 3.8
2 habits 25 48.1
3 habits 7 13.5
Fonseca category
Mild TMJD (20–40) 16 30.8
Moderate TMJD (45–65) 30 57.7
Severe TMJD (70–100) 6 11.5
Helkimo category
Mild TMJD (1–4) 18 34.6
Moderate TMJD (5–9) 30 57.8
Severe TMJD (10–25) 4 7.6

TMJD: temporomandibular joint disorder.

Korean J Pain 2024;37:164~177 https://doi.org/10.3344/kjp.23301
© Korean J Pain