Comparison of the groups and intergroups in terms of DASH scores and pain levels before and after treatment

Score Control group (n = 15) Study group (n = 15) BT AT
BT AT BT AT z P value z P value
VAS (R) 7.6 ± 1.1 3.7 ± 1.7 7.6 ± 1.5 3.2 ± 1.7 –0.085 0.932a –0.842 0.400a
P value < 0.001b < 0.001b
VAS (A) 8.4 ± 1.0 3.5 ± 2.2 8.6 ± 1.3 3.4 ± 1.8 –0.644 0.688a –0.401 0.932a
P value < 0.001b < 0.001b
VAS (N) 8.3 ± 1.8 4.7 ± 2.0 8.0 ± 1.9 3.6 ± 1.7 –0.780 0.780a –1.731 0.084a
P value < 0.001b < 0.001b
DASH 114.0 ± 8.3 70.9 ± 9.7 110.9 ± 12.2 68.1 ± 12.1 –0.478 0.633a –0.644 0.520a
P value 0.001b 0.001b

Values are presented as mean ± standard deviation.

DASH: Disability of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand Questionnaire, BT: before treatment, AT: after treatment, VAS: visual analogue scale, R: resting, A: activity, N: night.

P < 0.05 is statistically significant, aMann–Whitney U-test, bWilcoxon signed-rank test.

Korean J Pain 2022;35:280~290 https://doi.org/10.3344/kjp.2022.35.3.280
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