Table. 4.

Vital signs and adverse events

Variable VR (n = 19) Control (n = 19) P value
Pre-systolic pressure (mmHg) 143.6 ± 26.8 142.7 ± 27.1 0.914
Post-systolic pressure (mmHg) 139.1 ± 24.9 139.2 ± 27.5 0.990
Pre-diastolic pressure (mmHg) 79.4 ± 13.2 73.1 ± 15.9 0.194
Post-diastolic pressure (mmHg) 78.5 ± 13.0 70.2 ± 15.3 0.079
Pre-mean pressure (mmHg) 100.8 ± 15.3 96.3 ± 17.9 0.411
Post-mean pressure (mmHg) 98.7 ± 13.9 93.2 ± 16.1 0.267
Pre-heart rate (beats/min) 76.4 ± 14.7 70.2 ± 13.9 0.197
Post-heart rate (beats/min) 72.7 ± 22.1 70.9 ± 13.4 0.775
Pre O2 saturation (%) 98.2 ± 1.8 97.8 ± 2.4 0.595
Post-O2 saturation (%) 98.1 ± 2.3 97.6 ± 2.3 0.577
Adverse events 3 (15.8) 3 (15.8) > 0.999

Values are presented as mean ± standard deviation or number (%).

VR: virtual reality.

Korean J Pain 2021;34:304~314 https://doi.org/10.3344/kjp.2021.34.3.304
© Korean J Pain