Korean J Pain 2019; 32(3): 147-159
Published online July 1, 2019 https://doi.org/10.3344/kjp.2019.32.3.147
Copyright © The Korean Pain Society.
New Jersey Pain Medicine for the Difficult and Failed Pain, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital Rahway, Rahway, NJ, USA
Correspondence to:Young Kook Choi
New Jersey Pain Medicine for the Difficult and Failed Pain, Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital Rahway, 865 Stone Street, Rahway, NJ 07065, USA
Tel: +1-732-754-0369, Fax: +1-855-492-5768, E-mail: email@example.com
Received: May 10, 2019; Revised: June 11, 2019; Accepted: June 11, 2019
This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/), which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Lumbar foraminal pathology causing entrapment of neurovascular contents and radicular symptoms are commonly associated with foraminal stenosis. Foraminal neuropathy can also be derived from inflammation of the neighboring lateral recess or extraforaminal spaces. Conservative and interventional therapies have been used for the treatment of foraminal inflammation, fibrotic adhesion, and pain. This update reviews the anatomy, pathophysiology, clinical presentation, diagnosis, and current treatment options of foraminal neuropathy.
Keywords: Constriction, Pathologic, Decompression, Electric Stimulation, Fibrosis, Foraminotomy, Ganglia, Spinal, Inflammation, Lumbosacral Region, Pain Management, Radiculopathy, Spinal Nerve Roots