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Fig. 4. Bromelain increases antioxidant enzymes and subdue lipid peroxidation and nitric oxide. (A) Reduced glutathione (GSH) concentration. (B) Super-oxide dismutase (SOD) activities. (C) Malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration. **P < 0.01, ***P < 0.001 compared with unligated control (normal control); †††P < 0.001 compared with ligated control; and ‡‡‡P < 0.001 compared with gabapentin (reference control).
The Korean Journal of Pain 2020;33:13~22
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